More than simply putting flowers in a container, ikebana is a disciplined art form in which nature and humanity are brought together. Contrary to the idea of floral arrangement as a collection of particolored or multicolored arrangement of blooms, ikebana often emphasizes other areas of the plant, such as its stems and leaves, and draws emphasis toward shape, line, and form. Though ikebana is a creative expression, it has certain rules governing its form. The artist’s intention behind each arrangement is shown through a piece’s color combinations, natural shapes, graceful lines, and the usually implied meaning of the arrangement.
“Ikebana” is from the Japanese ikeru, “keep alive, arrange flowers” and hana. Possible translations include “giving life to flowers” and “arranging flowers”.
Sogetsu: typically uses either a tall, narrow vase such as one made from a bamboo stem, or a flat, open dish in which the flowers and branches are fixed in a hidden kenzan spiked support. However, other forms are possible, including highly elaborate creations that fill an entire hall. One of Sogetsu’s central ideas is that an arrangement should have three strong elements, each with certain proportions and arranged at a certain angle. But there is considerable latitude to work with whatever materials are available and to express the spirit of the moment.
Ikenobo: is the oldest and largest school of Ikebana, or Japanese floral art in Japan. It was founded in the 15th century by the Buddhist monk Ikenobo Senno. The school, currently headed by its 45th generation headmaster Ikenobo Sen’ei, is based in the Rokkaku-do temple in Kyoto. Additionally, Ikenobo has hundreds of chapters around the world.